RESOURCES - FACTSHEETS


  • Depression is a common mental illness. It affects our ability to feel pleasure or take interest in activities in our daily lives. Depression is a treatable mental illness. A person may be depressed if they have felt sad, down or miserable most of the time, or lost interest in most of their usual activities for more than two weeks. Depression is not a sign of weakness.

  • Signs and Symptoms

    Pervasive low or irritable mood

    Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities

    Change in appetite leading to weight loss or gain

    Having trouble with sleep (getting to sleep and/or staying asleep)

    Feeling tired most of the time or lacking energy or motivation

    Difficulty concentrating or making decisions

    Feeling irritable and grumpy

    Having pessimistic views of the future

    Feeling worthless, helpless and hopeless or even guilty most of the time

    Feelings of loneliness

    Having thoughts of death

    Crying spells

    Memory loss

    Loss of motivation



  • Treating Depression:

    Most people with depression are able to recover with the right kind of help. There are many possible kinds of treatments like:


    Psychotherapy - Most commonly used and evidence based therapy is Cognitive behavior therapy. But there are other therapies as well

    Medicine: Antidepressants that have been prescribed after consulting a Psychiatrist


  • Eating disorders are a mental health condition that are defined by abnormal eating habits that can negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. These might be also associated with anxiety, depressive and substance abuse disorders in addition to existing on their own.

  • Signs and Symptoms

    Eating large amounts of food in short periods of time

    Eating very little and thus having low body weight

    Eating a lot and then rid themselves of the food either by vomiting or through excretion

    Eating non-food items

    Regurgitating food

    Lack of interest in food

    Symptoms of anxiety, depression or the use of substance are also at times common in these disorders

    Weakness

    Deficiency of vitamins and minerals symptoms

    Dental issues

    Sensitivity to temperature changes

    Reduction in libido

    Gastro-intestinal issues

    Body image issues

  • Treating Eating Disorders

    Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and/or Cognitive Emotional Behaviour Therapy

    Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

    Family Therapy

    Behavioural Therapy

    Interpersonal Psychotherapy

    Arts based therapy

    Medication

    Self-help and support groups

    Psychoanalysis

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by stressful, frightening and distressing situations. Someone with PTSD often relives the traumatic event through nightmares, flashbacks along with other symptoms of hyperarousal, anxiety and avoidance. The symptoms may persist long after the traumatic event and can be severe enough to have an effect on the person's everyday life.

  • What causes PTSD?? An event where you are seriously injured and fear for your life:

    Car accidents

    Physical assault

    Traumatic Childbirth

    Abuse, neglect and Bullying

  • Signs & Symptoms

    Re-experiencing

    Flashbacks

    Intrusive thoughts or images

    Nightmares- distress in thinking about the trauma

    Physical memories such as pain, trembling, sweating

    Hyperarousal

    Constantly aware of threats

    Easily startled

    Irritable

    Easily upset or angry

    Difficulty sleeping and concentrating

    Avoidance

    Memory problems

    Keeping busy

    Avoiding trauma

    Dissociation

    Isolation and withdrawal

    Using Alcohol and drugs

    Being unable to trust anyone

    Depression and Anxiety

    Headache, dizziness, stomach aches

  • TREATMENT

    Yoga

    Cognitive Behavior Therapy

    Grounding exercises

    Antidepressants (if severe PTSD persists)

  • Sleep Disorders is a condition where the sleep patterns of a person are disturbed. These can get serious enough to hamper with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning.

  • Signs and Symptoms

    Grinding and clenching of teeth

    Night terrors, sleep walking, involuntary movement of limbs

    Difficulty falling/staying asleep with no obvious cause for disturbance

    Difficulty in falling asleep

    Difficulty in staying constantly asleep/in the REM cycle of sleep through the night.

    Wakeful sleep

    Waking up earlier than necessary and being unable to go back to sleep

    Stops in breathing process while asleep, sleep apnea, snoring

    Excessive sleepiness during the day where one falls asleep spontaneously but unwillingly

    Sudden and temporary loss of muscle tone while asleep

    Bed wetting and/or frequent need to get up and urinate through at night

    Acting out violent or traumatic dreams while being asleep

    Temporary paralysis before or after sleep; can include hallucinatory symptoms

    Fear of falling asleep which have features of anxiety and panic attacks

  • Treating Sleep Disorders

    Behavioural and psychotherapeutic treatment

    Rehabilitation and management

    Medication

    Other somatic treatments

  • Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental disorder, in which the person suffering experiences unusual and extreme shifts in mood and energy levels.

  • Signs

    People with bipolar disorder experience high energy levels and emotional highs(mania) which alternates with feelings of sadness and dullness(depression).

    In mania the person may experience
    • Grandiosity
    • Elevated mood.
    • Very high self-esteem.
    • Become more active than usual.
    • Less need for sleep.
    • Becoming more impulsive.

    In depressive periods the person may experience
    • Loss of energy.
    • Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.
    • Sadness
    • Thoughts of suicide.
    • Changes in appetite.
    • Becoming more impulsive.
  • These two extreme poles of highs(mania) and lows(depression) are found in one person; thus the name – bipolar disorder

  • Treatment for bipolar disorder

    Treatment includes medication after consulting a psychiatrist and psychological counselling

    The therapies used in psychological counselling include
    • Behavioral therapy
    • Interpersonal therapy
    • Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
    • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

  • Anxiety comes in many forms and types but may be as a result of past experiences or sometimes because of one's state of mind and one's brain chemistry. It frequently presents in early adulthood between the ages of 15 and 25 in response to extraordinary stressors or stressful environments.

  • Anxiety is a sensation of massive stress and panic and can be caused by many circumstances. Symptoms include:

    Rapid shallow breathing

    Increased heart rate

    Extreme stress

    Fatigue

    Irritability

    Changes in sleep patterns

    Changes in eating habits

    Difficulty concentrating

    Uncontrollable thoughts

  • While anxiety is a complex disorder, there are many possible ways to address the symptoms and causes of it.

    Counseling or talk therapy with a trained counselor or psychologist helps to make changes to one's thinking and perspective that can help one cope better as well as to understand themselves better and take on stressors more in line with their capabilities.

    Medications can help manage the symptoms and help a person lead a happy, healthy and functional life.

    Lifestyle changes and improvements in one's health habits (changes to eating, sleeping and self care) can also improve one's state of mind and reduce anxiety and increase resilience and coping skills as well.
  • Anxiety is nothing to be ashamed of. Anyone suffering from it is not a danger to others. It is simply a disease like many others. If you, a friend or a family member is in need of assistance, please seek professional help.

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